Dog Behavior: Puppy Stuff
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And, socialize, socialize, socialize! Of course, before they have their final puppy shots, you must be very careful where you take them (due to a possible immune system lapse while their mother's immunities wear off and the vet's vaccinations take effect). So, until they are 4 months old or so, you have to limit what public places they go to. But, after that, go for it. There are many Puppy Kindergarten classes nationwide, ask your vet. Working with a trainer can be incredibly helpful, so check out classes offered at your recreation centers, dog clubs, and pet stores. Let him meet as many well behaved kids, other people and dogs of all ages, shapes, sizes, and colors as possible. It is your job as pack leader to protect him from anything NOT well behaved.
Teach him that his world revolves around you, and that you are the leader (alpha) of his pack. Teach him to stay alone by himself safely. Teach him that skateboards and basketballs are not evil. Teach him not to chase kids and bicycles and those ubiquitous skateboards (the stay command works wonders for this!). Here is where you can teach him the mail man is not here to rob the house (if you have a co-operating mail man). The trick to a lot of this is training your puppy to pay attention to you, teaching self control, that YOU are more interesting and more wonderful than whatever it is you want him to ignore. Food and other rewards, in moderation, can work wonders too. With a little time, patience, and education, you too can have a wonderpuppy!
Good manners and training will also go a very long way to helping you out when your dog hits adolescence too! They can be as bratty, trying, and obnoxious as adolescent humans can be during this period. Many people aren't prepared for this, and this is one reason why there are so many 1-2 year olds in shelters. It IS survivable!
There is an abundance of puppy info and problem solutions on the internet, here is just a sampling. Many have sections and articles dealing with specific problems such as chewing, mouthing and biting, crying at night, car sickness, etc...: